Oncology is a branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of various types of cancers or tumours. A vast medical speciality, the experts in this area are broadly classified into – Medical Oncologists, Surgical Oncologists or Oncosurgeons and Radiation Oncologists. Medical Oncologists: A medical oncologist diagnoses the type of cancer, its stage after running tests and decides upon the course of treatment like chemotherapy, radiation, targeted therapy, immunotherapy etc. Surgical Oncologists: Oncosurgeons remove malignant tumours through invasive or minimally invasive procedures. They also conduct biopsies, by extracting the tissue sample for ascertaining the type of cancer through lab tests. Radiation Oncologist: In certain cases, cancer cells are attacked with radiation and it forms a crucial part of treatment. A radiation oncologist draws a treatment plan as per the dosage, cycles for a faster recovery. Among these experts, few specialists deal exclusively with only certain type of cancers like: Cancers of Reproductive Organs: Gynecologic Oncologists and Surgical Oncologists treat cancers related to reproductive organs like ovaries, cervical and uterine. Blood Cancers: Hematologists for treating various types of blood cancers. Pediatric Oncologist: These specialists diagnose and treat children and teenagers with different types of cancers like leukaemia, osteosarcoma etc. […] read more